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Forms of non-profit organizations aimed at bringing together various typesof manufacturers

24 may 2011

Nonprofit organization (NPO) - an organization that does not have profit-making as the main purpose of its activity, and does not distribute profits among its members. Objectives of non-profit organizations are defined by the constituent documents. There are several types of nonprofit organizations that can be registered. They mainly differ in the presence or absence of membership, purpose of establishment and ways of forming their property. Main types of nonprofit organizations are as follows: institution, public association, Joint Stock Company, consumer cooperative, foundation, religious organization, and association of legal entities in the form of an association (union) and in other formats prescribed by legislative acts.

In order to join various types of manufacturers, a legal entity may be established in the form of a public association, association of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs in the form of an association (union) and a rural consumer cooperative.

Public associations are established and operate in order to implement and protect political, economic, social and cultural rights and freedoms, to develop activity and          independent actions of citizens; to meet professional and amateur interests; to develop scientific, technical and artistic work; to protect human life and health; to protect environment; to participate in charitable activities; to hold cultural, educational, sports and recreation activities; to protect monuments of history and culture; for patriotic and humanistic education; for expansion and strengthening of international cooperation; other activities not prohibited by the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Members (participants) of public associations shall have no rights to the assets transferred by them to these associations, including membership fees. They are not liable for obligations of public associations in which they participate as members (participants), and these associations are not liable for obligations of their members.

Associations and unions are alliances of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs for the purpose of coordinating their joint activities. Commercial organizations, to coordinate their business activities, to represent and to protect common property and other interests, may - under agreement among themselves, as well as together with nonprofit organizations - create associations in the form of alliances (unions). Nonprofit organizations can voluntarily form associations (unions) of such organizations. Members of an association (union) shall retain their autonomy and legal personality. Association (union) is not liable for obligations of its members. Members of the association (union) shall bear subsidiary liability for its obligations in the amount and in the manner prescribed by the constituent documents of such association (union).

Rural consumer cooperative is a voluntary association of citizens on the basis of membership to meet material and other needs of the members (stockholders), carried out by pooling its members property (mutual) contributions. Members of rural consumer cooperatives may be legal entities. Rural consumer cooperatives are created due to property (mutual) contributions for implementation of trade, harvesting, marketing, processing, servicing, procurement and other activities that are legal. Rural consumer cooperatives can be established to meet the material and other needs not only of their own members but also of other citizens living in rural areas.

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